How AI is Transforming Cancer Treatment

Central to the care and treatment of cancer is the accurate and timely diagnosis. Healthcare experiences many inefficiencies, especially in the pathology of diagnosing cancer. AI promises to use the mind-boggling amount of data being collected every day to train the algorithms to improve diagnosis and prognosis of cancer.

It is estimated that almost 80 percent of decisions made with regard to patient care are informed by pathology. Despite being highly trained professionals, pathologists are prone to errors. Statistics show that misdiagnosis and other inefficiencies cost the U.S economy $750B annually.

AI stands to transform cancer care by eliminating human errors in pathology. By automating the process, AI ensures a robust and accurate diagnosis as well as prognosis of cancer. Big data in healthcare is a huge opportunity for AI. Laboratory tests, genomics, imaging, as well as electronic health records will assist AI in leveraging the technologies available to better inform cancer treatment.

Already, AI is making an impact on the treatment of lung cancer patients. Stanford University researchers have developed have developed an algorithm to accurately predict the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer cells. This is a major breakthrough that could provide a rapid and objective prediction of survival for many cancer patients.

Another project has been initiated by CancerLinQ. The project aims at collecting data from all cancer patients in the US, collate and make it available in the hope that AI users will discover interesting patterns that will lead to more insights.

However, AI is not entirely the panacea of cancer treatment. Healthcare is complex because it interacts uniquely with data, machines, patients, and science, AI innovations need to address the fundamental issues such as access, cost, and quality.

AI applications in cancer treatment are diverse. The bottom line is automation of various procedures required in the treatment of cancer – from classification, discovery of nonobservable correlation, and other meaningful clinical outcomes of cancer.

The gradual integration of AI into cancer treatment will revolutionize and improve the treatment outcome and care of cancer patients.

5 Tips to Stay Safe on Social Media

In today’s digital era, everyone spends a large portion of their day browsing through various social media websites. Hackers, of course, are quick to hop on this train and set up their scamming traps wherever they can across social media channels. Avoid falling right into the hands of online scammers by following these easy tips below.

Strong Passwords

This goes without saying, but sometimes one needs a reminder. Create strong passwords and make it a point to update them on a regular basis. If possible, never use the same password for all of your online accounts, as when one account is compromised, so are the rest of your accounts.

Be Cautious of Who You Add

We’ve all been there before. We received friend requests from strangers and debated whether or not to add them, but since we’re all for bumping that “Friends” number count up, we accept all strangers’ request anyway – which shouldn’t be the case. Never accept friend requests from sketchy accounts as this could be a ruse to get access to your account, gather information about you, and use them against you.

Set Your Accounts to Private

If you’re someone who is particularly concerned about your online safety, the first thing you would want to do is set your social media accounts private. Keeping them private prevents people who are not in your circle from lurking on your accounts.

Be Wary of Links

While some links are legitimate, some links are deployed by scammers to target those who are careless when it comes to clicking links. Before you engage with links or download attached files, make sure that they come from a source whom you know and trust.

Be Careful with Add-ons

There are thousands of games in social media, and in some of them, as you’re playing the game, a pop-up prompts you to install add-ons. Be wary of these add-ons. Chances are these are some hacking programs made by third-party companies aiming to steal your personal and bank information.

Fitness Tracker Users Should Be Concerned About Their Privacy

Millions of Americans wear a fitness tracker on a regular basis. Of course, these gadgets are designed to track everything from steps taken to calories burned and more. High-end fitness trackers from Fitbit, Garmin, and others even track a user’s heart rate throughout the day. Consumers love these devices because they keep track of various health metrics in near-automatic fashion. However, few users seem to consider the privacy and security risks associated with the average fitness tracker.

Fitness Trackers: Strap Them On and Move OnĀ 

Simply put, individuals tend to don a fitness tracker and forget about it until the device requires charging. Dedicated users will check their health stats on the device or through its companion mobile app. Far too many people fail to realize how much data these devices collect each and every moment they’re worn. Most people care about this data for themselves because it helps them track their overall fitness. For outside parties, such health-related information may seem like a treasure trove of personal data.

Data, Data, and More Data!

Just think about how much data a fitness tracker stores. When a user first uses their tracker, they must connect to it via an Android or iOS app. In these apps, users supply their email address and basic personal information. This includes anything from age and gender to height and weight. Each fitness tracker then maintains a running ledger of an individual’s activities throughout the day. As previously mentioned, included metrics range from steps taken to calories consumed, heart rate, and much more.

The best fitness trackers allow users to plug even more data into the app and associated fitness tracker. For instance, Fitbit and Garmin devices allow their users to connect daily food intake information. Most devices will track when a person goes to sleep and when they wake up as well. All of this information is necessary to provide the best experience for users, and there’s no debate about that. Unfortunately, so much personal information about a single person can be used against them in worst-case scenarios.

Not All Companies Implement The Same Security Measures With Fitness Trackers and Apps

Every fitness tracker and associated app stores a user’s profile and information on a server. While these servers are often secure and protected, they aren’t impervious to hacking. Many people could benefit in nefarious ways by having access to health information on millions of people. Even healthcare companies, if given access to this info, could use it against individuals. Health data is one of the biggest targets for identity thieves and hackers today, but not all fitness tracking companies are protecting data as they should.

For example, not all companies encrypt the data they’re sending from the fitness tracker to the mobile app and then onto the company’s servers. Such data could be intercepted at various points, and unencrypted data couldn’t be easier to access. Another issue revolves around the MAC address of individual fitness trackers. At this point, most devices hold onto a persistent MAC address that never changes. Nefarious entities could track a user’s location by latching onto this MAC address, which is a completely different and problematic issue.

Is wearing a fitness tracker worth the privacy risks? For most people…Probably.

None of this information should deter an individual from using a fitness tracker if doing so benefits them in some manner. In the end, users simply need to realize the security concerns involved with using these devices. Current fitness tracker users should check into how the manufacturer collects, transmits, and stores users’ sensitive personal information. Every user should know how their data is used and which entities can access that information. Without a doubt, fitness trackers are useful devices, but plenty of privacy concerns exist today.

An Overview of Scrum – A Popular Agile Framework

There are a number of methodologies that can be termed as agile. Among them, scrum framework is one of the most popular agile methodologies. But first, let’s talk about agile. Some of the popular frameworks that come to mind are scrum, extreme programming, lean, kanban, crystal, etc. All of these different frameworks can also be combined together to suit different organisational environments.

Scrum utilises a series of fixed-length iterations called sprints that are regularly held to give the teams a much-needed framework for building software in the rapidly changing agile development world. The length of an individual iteration is usually kept short, considering the frequency with which they are held, and also to increase their utility in the development process. It is important that the team does not waste all their time in meetings and conferences, but at the same time is updated with recent developments in their projects and know where they are heading. These short iterations emphasise on the success of teams and how much they are able to deliver within the timeframe, which acts as a good motivator. A sprint session is usually annotated with graphs, charts, presentations and other visual aids to help bring energy to the sessions. Teams are encouraged with incremental feedback in each session.

A sprint covers four defining aspects of project development – Sprint Planning, Daily Stand-up, Sprint Demonstration and Sprint Retrospective

There are three major types of participants in any scrum session. They can be classified as:
1. Business / Product Owner
2. Scrum Master
3. Development Team

Business or Product Owner is the person who lists the requirements of the product that is to be developed. He knows what he wants, scrutinises the work done by the development team, and provides feedback. In a scrum framework, a product owner is responsible for defining the backlog, or task units. He manages all business and marketing requirements. He guides the team to deliver products that are the most useful and cut to the business requirements.

A Scrum Master is regarded as a facilitator for scrum sessions. He is responsible for ensuring that a scrum session is distraction free, stays focused on the driving goals and does not deviate from their core objectives.

The Development Team is a small group of developers, testers, etc. who are responsible for bringing the project to life. They implement “user stories” defined in scrum sessions and deliver completed backlogs to the product owner in scrum sessions.